Hurdles and fences are two of the most iconic objects in horse racing. The obstacles have caused more drama, shocks and against-the-odds moments than anything else in sport.
Watching your horse leap the final fence with a nose in front and gallop its way to the line is one of the most beautiful sights in racing. Yet there are big differences between hurdles and fences that horse racing betting fans should be aware of.
So what’s the difference between hurdles and fences? Paddy Power is here to explain it all and offer some tips on how to bet on horse racing during these races.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HURDLES AND FENCES
There are some key differences between hurdles and fences that racing betting fans should be aware of. Let’s take them…
- The smaller of the two obstacles, with a minimum height of 3ft 6in
- 40 UK racecourses stage hurdle races
- Made from small branches called brush for improved flexibility
- Races must feature minimum eight hurdles over at least two miles distance
- Perfect for Flat horses who are gaining experience in National Hunt races
- The larger of the two obstacles, with a minimum height of 4ft 7in
- Erected in steeplechase races across 40 UK race courses
- Made from a mixture of spruce and birch wood
- Race distances range between two and four-and-a-half miles
- Obstacles include plain fences, open ditches and water jumps
- Perfect for horses that have mastered hurdles and have nailed their jumping technique
WHAT IS THE POINT OF HURDLES AND FENCES?
Obstacles such as hurdles and fences in National Hunt races are there to provide the horse and jockey with an additional challenge during the race. Horses that are blisteringly fast in Flat events may move to hurdles, and then progress to fences.
Authorities over the years have worked to mitigate the accidents occasionally caused by hurdles and fences. Materials used are now much less sturdy than they used to be, while fences have been lowered on many courses.
BEST HURDLES RACES
Arguably the most famous hurdle race is the world is Cheltenham Festival’s Champion Hurdle. Run since 1927, the race offers a +£250,000 winners’ cheque and has produced legendary horses down the years.
Cheltenham also stages the Stayers’ Hurdle, while the Christmas Hurdle that runs at Kempton is often seen as a prelude to the Champion Hurdle three months down the line.
BEST STEEPLECHASE RACES
The UK boasts the two biggest steeplechase races in the world, run over fences. The Grand National has run for over 180 years and features 40 horses navigating 30 jumps. The race is famous for producing unexpected winners that can shatter the horse racing odds.
The Cheltenham Gold Cup is the most prestigious National Hunt race of the year and features 22 fences. Famous winners include L’Escargot, Best Mate and Kauto Star.
So, the next time you look at a race card and plan your next bet, be sure to examine whether fences or hurdles are being used. Read up on your selections to see if they are masters of either obstacle, because this could be the key to a winning bet.
Discover more in our Demystifying Racing series below…
- What does it mean when a horse is On the Bridle?
- What is a Black type horse race?
- What are the different types of going in horse racing?
- What is a bumper horse race?
- What are blinkers and why do some horses wear them?
- What is an Allowance Race in horse racing?
- What is the Rule 4 betting rule in horse racing?
- What is a halter and why do some horses wear them?
- What does it mean when a horse has spread a plate?
- What is the difference between graded, handicap and selling horse races?
- What does a novice hurdle in horse racing mean?
- What is a listed horse race?
- What does a novice chase in horse racing mean?
- Why do race horses have different ratings and what do they mean?
- When does the National Hunt season start and when does it end?
- Why are there different grades of horse race?
- Why are there 3 different types of National Hunt race?
- Why are race horses given different weights and what does it mean?
- How many different classes of horse race are there?